A hair transplant surgery is a procedure in which, the Donor hair is harvested from the back of the scalp (permanent zone) and transferred to front bald area (recipient site).
The transplanted hair grows like natural hair. They maintain their own characteristics: colour, texture and growth rate after transplantation and re-growth.
On average more than 90% of transplanted hair grow back.
With latest updates in instruments and techniques, truly natural results can be achieved. Normally the hair grows from the scalp in groups of one, two, and three hair follicles – called follicular units. In Follicular unit Transplant by Strip or FUE technique, individual follicular units are transplanted closely together resulting in a denser and more natural result.
The best candidates for hair transplants are men in 30s or older than that. Those having a defined bald patch. Younger adults in their early 20s need proper counselling before transplant, since baldness and the future pattern of hair loss is not yet established.
Hair Transplantation is a treatment for baldness, not for small areas of thinning of hair. Such early hair loss should be treated with medical and Laser treatments.
Very little pain is experienced during the procedure, in the majority of patients. Some discomfort is to be expected at the start of the procedure as the anaesthetic is injected into the scalp. Once the skin is numb, there is no pain. After the procedure pain killer & anti-inflammatory tablets are started to take care of any post op discomfort.
We also minimize the pain of injection by using sodium bicarbonate, vibrators, topical anesthetic creams etc.
For Hair Transplant by Strip (FUT) technique, you don’t need to shave the head. We will just trim the hair on the back, which have been marked for strip harvest. The stitches get covered in existing hair.
For FUE technique its preferable to do zero trimming of full scalp in most of the cases. In those patients who are being operated only for frontal baldness, we can just trim the back donor area, leaving the rest of the hair intact.
It depends on the area of baldness being treated, and the number of grafts planned for the procedure. Small sessions up to 1500 grafts can take an average of 4-5hours. Larger sessions of 3000 grafts can last for 8-9hrs. you can listen to music of your choice during the procedure. There is a lunch break in afternoon.
You will be given analgesics to prevent pain and antibiotics to prevent infections for the first week. Mild swelling of forehead commonly occurs after the surgery, this can be easily controlled with ice packs and anti-inflammatory drugs.
Pustules (small boils or pimples) may occur in the second month and represent reaction to hair; they do not represent infection. They are self-limiting and subside within 2-4 weeks.
Hair transplant is a day care procedure done under local Anaesthesia. The patient is conscious throughout the procedure & and only the scalp skin is made numb. the procedure is skin deep only. The patient can walk home the same day, and no admission is necessary.
There can be some swelling in forehead on third to fifth day after the procedure. Sometimes you can have a pimple kind of pustule on the operated area, that settles on its own without the need of any intervention. Allergy to local anaesthetic, infection of operated site, delayed healing, delayed hair growth can happen rarely. Overall hair transplant is a very safe procedure.
Typically, the grafted hair will shed in the initial 2-6 weeks. New hair growth starts in in 3 months and appreciable growth is visible in 6 months. A full growth happens in 10-12months. Hair length will increase approximately 1cm per month.
Hair transplantation gives you a new hair growth in a bald area, but it cannot prevent future loss of existing hair. And because of a genetic tendency there is a high probability of further hair fall & thinning. Hence it is advisable to continue the hair fall medications even after transplant to prevent further hair loss. Alternatively, you may require a second hair transplantation in future if you lose further hair.
The dressing is a round bandage across the head, which has to be kept covered with surgical caps for initial three days. After the dressings are removed on third day, you can use a regular cap or hat to cover the head outdoors. The earliest you can return to work is by the fourth day. But we advise you to preferably take rest for first week.
For the first day after surgery:
On third day-return to the centre to have your bandages removed. After the bandages are taken off, you can start washing your head with lukewarm water from fourth day, using a mug to gently pour the water on your head and not using a powerful shower, don’t use any shampoo or agitate the scalp at this stage. Mild shampooing can start from 7th day, this will help remove the crust in 4-5 days.
You will have to wear a surgical cap for 3 days following the surgery, after that you need to wear a regular cap or hat when going outdoors for initial 2 weeks. This is to avoid dust & sunlight exposure to the operated area. You don’t have to necessarily wear a cap inside the office in second week.
Avoid sweating & exercises for the first week. Brisk walking can be started from second week. Regular gym, weights & swimming can be started after the third week
The first follow-up to clinic is on the third day to remove the bandages. After that visits at 2 week & every 3 months are advisable to monitor the hair growth. These later follow-ups can well be managed by online chats/ video if you are from outside the city.
We are ready to treat you.
General Medical Council
Associations of Plastic Surgeons of India
The International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh
Disclaimer: The content on this website is purely generated for awareness and educating purposes only. This shall not be considered as a substitute for professional advice or prescription. Every individual and their case is different, so the results mentioned on the website may vary from person to person.