While facial freckles can look really cute; larger, darker pigmentation patches don’t! The difference between freckles and problem pigmentation is that freckles will go faint in winters and darken as there is more sun exposure in summer; problem pigmentation, however, does not fade out like freckles, and can cause a significant distress. One may notice these appearing as the skin ages, or if one has had a sun burn. These are common on the face, neck, arms and hands. Facial pigmentation generally occurs secondary to damage to the way the pigment cells in the skin work. This damage is commonly caused by Sun Exposure over time, but can also be caused by Sun Burns, and Hormones. One of the commonest type of pigmentation is Melasma, common amongst women who have darker skin types.
This condition is generally triggered by pregnancy or conditions causing disruption of the normal hormone levels like consumption of the Contraceptive Pill. The other common type of facial pigmentation is PIH or Post Inflammatory Hyper-Pigmentation, this can be brought about by flare-ups of Acne, Eczema or as a side effect of a Chemical Peel or Facial.
There are multiple causes of facial pigmentation, the commonest are sun exposure, sun burns, and hormonal issues.
Unfortunately, makeup with added SPF does not quite protect the skin in the same fashion as a Sun Screen with SPF 30 or more would.
While most pigmentation can be reduced or faded to a large extent, there might be some residual pigmentation left behind after treatment that needs one to continue with special skin care and skin protection routines.
There is no one best cream for pigmentation, while the strongest cream that can be used by doctors is Hydroquinone, other Brightening Serums and Creams containing Mulberry extract, liquorice extract, glycolic acid, Arbutin, Kojic acid, Vitamin C, Niacinamide, Azelaic acid, or Vitamin A (retinol) can also be helpful under doctor’s prescription.
Melasma is a common condition amongst women of colour and is generally triggered by pregnancy, birth control pills or other hormonal medications. While it does fade with time and sun protection in some women, in most patients treatment is needed. The treatment generally is a combination of skin care routines and in-clinic procedures such as Chemical Peels, TCA (Trichloroacetic peel) etc.
Common types of hyperpigmentation are Freckles (Ephelides), Solar lentigines (Liver spots or sun spots), Melasma, Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
While there are no potent home remedies for pigmentation, one can certainly prevent it by meticulous sun avoidance or sun protection. One can also observe what is causing a flare up of the pigmentation and stop the cause, such as discussing alternative contraceptive methods, if they think that their OC pill is causing worsening of the pigmentation.
One has to be examined by our doctor to decide if Lasers are going to play any role in managing their pigmentation.
* All prices quoted apply to surgery done at World Class clinic in Mumbai, India and are subject to variation based on prevalent exchange rates.
The cost of a consultation ranges from £50 - £100, the cost of treatments varies with what is selected in the individualistic program.
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General Medical Council
Associations of Plastic Surgeons of India
The International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh
Disclaimer: The content on this website is purely generated for awareness and educating purposes only. This shall not be considered as a substitute for professional advice or prescription. Every individual and their case is different, so the results mentioned on the website may vary from person to person.