Skin Pigmentation or Melasma
Melasma, Chloasma, Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation, PIH, Photoaging, Liver Spots, Hyperpigmentation, Age Spots, Sun Spots, Freckles
The difference between freckles and problem pigmentation is:
- While facial freckles though appear quite cute, larger, darker pigmentation patches don’t;
- Freckles generally go faint in winters and darken in summer due to exposure to sun; problem pigmentation however does not fade out like freckles, and can be a cause of distress.
You might have noticed these appearing as your skin ages, or if you have had a sun burn. These are common on the face, neck, arms and hands. Facial pigmentation generally occurs secondary to damage to the way the pigment cells in your skin work. This damage is commonly caused by Sun Exposure over time, but can also be caused by Sun Burns, and Hormones.
One of the commonest causes is Melasma, common amongst women who have darker skin types, this condition generally triggered by pregnancy or conditions causing disruption of the normal hormone levels like consumption of the Contraceptive Pill. The other common cause of facial pigmentation is PIH or Post Inflammatory Hyper-Pigmentation. This can be brought about by flare-ups of Acne, Eczema or as a side effect of a Chemical Peel or Facial.
Frequently Asked Questions
What are the causes of pigmentation on the face?
Does my foundation with +SPF 10 cover me from pigmentation problems?
Can pigmentation be removed?
What is the best cream for pigmentation?
How is Melasma on face treated?
What are the types of hyperpigmentation?
What Home Remedies exist for pigmentation?
Can Laser get rid of pigmentation?
What treatments can I use to get rid of my skin pigmentation?
Treatments that remove existing pigmentation range from Chemical Peels, Dermabrasion, CO2 Lasers, Erbium YAG lasers, Q Switched Lasers, Intense Pulse Light (IPL).
Treatments that reduce existing pigmentation start with regular and sincere use of Sun Screen and Sun Avoidance. Orally administered Tranexamic Acid (Cyklo‑f, Cyklokapron, Menstralite, tablets) can temporarily lighten skin pigmentation in certain conditions. Topical applications of Hydroquinone, Kojic Acid, Arbutin, Bearberry, Liquorice, Vitamin C and other molecules will further lighten the pigment by reducing the production of the pigment by the damaged Melanocyte.
The cost of a consultation ranges from £50 – £100. The cost of treatments varies with what is selected in your program.